Filosofi Rumah Panjai (Betang) #4
Dayak Iban*, bagian dari keunikan dan kehebatan istilah tersebut. Banyak ahli dari berbagai belahan dunia dan berbagai bidang ilmu telah menelaah tentang “kedayakan” itu. Rumah Suku Dayak Iban, “Betang” (rumah panjai), awak kitai nugau idup. Rumah yang dibangun dengan roh dan jiwa (semengat) dan hati Suku Iban (Iban Besai, gerempung Ibanic). Pada suku Dayak tertentu, sebagaimana Suku Dayak Iban, pembuatan rumah Betang atau rumah panjai haruslah memenuhi beberapa persyaratan berikut diantaranya: hulunya haruslah searah dengan matahari terbit dan sebelah hilirnya ke arah matahari terbenam. Hal ini dianggap sebagai simbol dari kerja keras untuk bertahan hidup mulai dari matahari terbit hingga terbenam.
*It is believed that the term “Iban” originates from the Iban’s own formidable enemy, the Kayan who call the Sea Dayaks in the upper Rajang river region that initially came into contact with them as “Hivan”. The Kayan mostly lives in the central Borneo region and migrated into the upper Rajang river and thus went logger-head with those Ibans who migrated from the upper Batang Ai/Lupar region and Katibas river. In fact, those Sea Dayaks in the Saribas and Skrang regions initially resisted being called Iban and insisted to be called Dayak but somehow the term Iban increasingly becomes popular later on after the European starts to frequently uses this term. Although Ibans generally speak a dialect which is mutually intelligible, they can be divided into different branches which are named after the geographical areas where they reside: (1) Majority of Ibans who live around the Lundu and Samarahan region are called Sebuyaus; (2) Ibans who settled in areas in Serian district (places like Kampung Lebor , Kampung Tanah Mawang & others) are called Remuns. They may be the earliest Iban group to migrate to Sarawak; (3) Ibans who originated from Sri Aman area are called Balaus. Ibans who come from Betong, Saratok & parts of Sarikei are called Saribas ; (4) The original iban Lubok Antu Ibans are classed by anthropologists as Ulu Ai/batang ai Ibans. Ibans from Undup are called Undup Ibans. Their dialect is somewhat a cross between the Ulu Ai dialect & the Balau dialect; (5) Ibans living in areas from Sarikei to Miri are called Rajang Ibans. This group is also known as “Bilak Sedik Iban”. They are the majority group of the Iban people. They can be found along the Rajang River , Sibu, Kapit, Belaga, Kanowit, Song, Sarikei, Bintangor, Bintulu and Miri . Their dialect is somewhat similar to the Ulu Ai or lubok antu dialect. In West Kalimantan (Indonesia), Iban people are even more diverse. The Kantu’, Air Tabun, Semberuang, Sebaru’, Bugau, Mualang, “Dessa” & along with many other groups are classed as “Ibanic people” by anthropologists. They can be related to the Iban either by the dialect they speak or their customs, rituals & their way of life (diambil dari berbagai sumber)